Closed captioning, as we all know, is the textual interpretation of speech and non-speech elements presented on visual display screens. Closed captions help to reach out to a wider audience including hard of hearing and people with different language capabilities. There are many closed caption service providers operating in the market. Let us look at some best practices that can be adopted by the service providers while creating closed captions.
- Closed captions should be displayed on the screen in synchronization with the visuals.
- Captions should fade away from the screen once the corresponding visuals disappear.
- It is essential that the captions stay on screen long enough for the viewers to read them.
- Minimum display time can be set as 1.5 seconds for dialogs that are short as a word or two; however, this cannot be applied for rapid dialogs.
- Closed captions should be placed in a fashion that the visuals are not obstructed. Viewers should be able to read through the captions and at the same time follow the visuals.
- There should not be more than two lines of text at any given time on screen.
- Try not to end a sentence and begin another sentence on the same line and retain all the words as it is spoken.
- Do not avoid words like “so”, “because”, “but”, “too”, etc. These words are essential to convey the exact meaning of spoken words.
- Where ever there is an “inaudible”, place a label to explain the cause. For example; crowd noise sinks speech, noisy market, etc.
- Display closed captions describing sound effects in lowercase italics inside brackets/parentheses. For Example; (child crying) (car screeching).
- Identify speakers and display their names against the captions. Example; (Joe) How are you? (Mary) I am doing great.
- Inserting music icon is a method to indicate that a song is being played on the screen. A hashtag can also be used to indicate songs.
- Movies and TV content closed captions do not generally use full stops/periods, but it should be left to content owners’ discretion. However, question marks or exclamation marks should be used to give clarity to a phrase.
- It is always good to start sentences in capital letters. Capitalize an entire word only if it indicates screaming.
- Spell numbers out from one to ten and numerals for numbers higher than ten. For technical and sports terms, use numerals. Example: (scored 5 goals out of 6 penalties)
These are general closed captioning styles in practice; however, these rules can be tweaked or altered as per specific customer requirements.
Cloud-based caption generation, caption synchronization and video logging services among booth highlights
Fremont, CA, February 21, 2018 – Digital Nirvana to showcase its full suite of media management products and services at the upcoming 2018 NAB Show, running from April 9-12 at the Las Vegas Convention Center (LVCC).
Among the services to be on display at Digital Nirvana’s NAB booth are cloud-based caption generation caption synchronization and video logging. Product highlights such as CART/TS Transport Stream Analyze and Replay and Monitor IQ 5.2 will also be key areas in the Digital Nirvana booth (#SU10121).
Digital Nirvana’s services provide an integrated automated workflow for closed captioning, subtitling, caption synchronization, video logging, and metadata creation. Its Media Management Platform and suite of broadcast monitoring products establish a simple set up for content creation, capture, repurpose and delivery, while monitoring video and audio for quality and compliance.
The company offers high-quality cloud-based Caption Generation for all pre-recorded and online video content through an automated process over the cloud with options to create multiple formats and integrate directly to the user’s video platform. Automated speech-to-text conversion coupled with state-of-the-art workflow and experienced captioners reduces the time and cost to publish and provides better search engine discoverability while complying with FCC guidelines.
Digital Nirvana’s cloud-based Caption Synchronization service automatically re-aligns live broadcast captions for online usage. Captions can be synchronized for an entire show, short clips, and montages. And text can be revised on final captions for FCC compliance.
“With our caption synchronization, live broadcast captions are repurposed automatically for online delivery,” explained Hiren Hindocha, President and CEO, Digital Nirvana. “Our service provides near-live synchronization and the ability to generate the proper formatting for all potential channels.”
Online video providers (OVD’s) and Subscription video on demand (SVOD) services can benefit from Digital Nirvana’s Subtitling Creation Service by utilizing its automated speech-to-text capabilities for increased efficiency and high-volume handling. It delivers multi-format or customized versions that can be integrated directly into existing workflows. The service provides subtitling generation in all standard formats for broadcast and IP delivery of video content.
With Digital Nirvana’s Video Logging service, media production houses and producers with a great deal of footage can improve editing efficiency, as well organize content and the discoverability within their data centers. With Video Logging service, users can automatically generate transcripts, keywords, etc. for the footage prior to editing for more efficient asset management and video editing. Users can also request high-quality transcripts of the video footages and can utilize the same in the production of script and subtitles.
Digital Nirvana’s Monitor IQ Cloud Service is a browser-based, on-the-go, broadcast monitoring and content repurposing SaaS.
On the product side, Digital Nirvana will showcase CAR/TS (Capture, Analyze, Replay – Transport Stream) transport stream recorder and Monitor IQ Media Management Platform.
CAR/TS (Capture, Analyze, Replay – Transport Stream) is a standalone media management product that records and monitors the transport stream, provides alerts of non-compliance, offers time-shifted playout, and allows users to cut segments and export section of the transport stream for more detailed analysis.
The solution also offers time-shifted playout for multiple time zone broadcasts and a disaster recovery solution for keeping a broadcaster’s signal on-air with recorded content. A full transport stream recorder performs analysis, replay and verification for future streams.
Monitor IQ Media Management Platform Lite allows users to monitor and repurpose content over a simple, web-based GUI without hardware but with the capacity to accommodate one ATSC channel along with sub channels FM/AM, ASI or SDI input.
“NAB is the largest annual gathering of our customer base,” said Hindocha. “It provides an ideal opportunity to connect with US and overseas current and potential customers. We create smart media management solutions that streamline workflows, and our newest solutions and services were developed in response to consumer demand in the ever-changing broadcast and content creation landscape. We look forward to showing NAB attendees how our technologies can improve their operations.”
About Digital Nirvana
Since 1996, Digital Nirvana has been empowering customers with innovative knowledge management technologies. By combining media and digital technology expertise, Digital Nirvana makes it possible for organizations to streamline operations and gain competitive advantage with advanced product and service offerings. A comprehensive service portfolio includes media monitoring and analysis, market intelligence and analytics, and learning management services. Digital Nirvana is headquartered in Fremont, California with offices in Hyderabad and Coimbatore, India.
For more information, contact:
3984 Washington Blvd., Suite 355
Fremont, CA 94538–4954
Editor’s Note: High-resolution product photography is available upon request.